Reviews survey previously published research material to conduct an analysis of the research. Choosing what types of resources to search for depends upon the type of analysis that you want to do. There are several kinds of review methods.
Traditional or Narrative literature Review
Longer overview article: Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
Getting familiar with the structure of articles, can help you to:
Typical article structure:
Title - often long and technical.
Author Information - author name, affiliation (ex: university or laboratory) and contact information.
Citation - article title, journal or source name, volume and issue information and pagination. Also, DOI numbers are used in APA style.
Abstract - a summary of the whole article.
Introduction - outlines the problem being examined -- the purpose or hypothesis.
Methodology - how the research or experiment was performed. In order for research to be reproducible, methodology must be thoroughly described. This may include discussion of materials, instruments, and subject selection. Examination of a methodology section will determine if research is primary (data gathered by the researchers) or secondary (researchers using data sets or other information compiled by others).
Data/Results - data in tables, charts, figures, or illustrations.
Discussion/Conclusions - explains and interprets the results, drawing a final conclusion about the problem. Primary research may bring new information to the discipline, or may confirm or dispute previous findings. Review articles may recommend research questions.
References - sources given in a consistent style.
Are all articles in scholarly journals or in databases peer-reviewed research?
No. Depending on what types of research you need to review, you may have to attempt to exclude certain types of articles. This may be part of your search strategy.
If you have access to our databases (on-campus or with the GALILEO password), click the examples below.