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UNIV: Career Exploration (1103 & 1113 classes): Evaluting Sources

Supporting an assignment for Ann Glauser's UNIV1113 classes, but useful for anyone who would like to research a career.

Coming soon

C.R.A.P. or C. A. R. P. ?

You can choose the mnemonic abbreviation that you like, but this will give you a quick method to use for evaluation.


  • Is there an update date listed at the top or bottom of the page? Is there a copyright date at the bottom?
  • Are links broken (404 error)?
  • Is it current enough for your topic?



  • Does the creator provide reference citations or link to sources for data or quotations?


  • Is the author's name listed? If so, what makes the author an expert (credentials, known and respected)?
  • Is there a reputable organization behind it? What is the organization's interest (if any) in this information?
  • What is the domain (.edu, .com, .org, .net, .uk, .k12, etc)? Is the page hosted by an individual?

Purpose/Point of View

  • Is the site fair and objective? Is it an advocacy site? Is the page affiliated with an organization that has a particular political or social agenda?
  • Is there a conflict of interest? Does the web site producer stand to benefit from the information being provided?
  • How important is balance? Is it required for your purposes? Is any bias explicit or hidden? Can you use the information?
  • Is the creator/author trying to sell you something?

C. R. A. P. Test Advice from Portland State


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