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INTL 4440H: Intelligence and National Security (Johnson): APA 7th

Online Access

The APA Style guide website is pretty extensive:  I would check here first to see if your questions can be answered there.

More information on how to access information about how to cite using APA here:

New Edition of APA

APA has come out with a new edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.  Commonly known as the "APA Style Guide," it provides guidelines for writing papers and citing sources in APA Style.  The new citation rules should be more intuitive and give students and faculty more flexibility when citing unique and rare sources of information.

See below for more information!

If you use the "Cite" feature in GALILEO databases or the GIL Catalog know that it is computer generated and can be prone to errors.  MAKE SURE YOU PROOFREAD YOUR CITATIONS!

Basic Outline of an APA Citation

In-text citation rules have not changed with the new APA 7th style guide, but you'll find some minor differences for your Works Cited/References section at the end of your papers.

A reference list entry generally has four elements: the author, date, title, and source. Each element answers a question:

  • author: Who is responsible for this work?
  • date: When was this work published?
  • title: What is this work called?
  • source: Where can I retrieve this work?

The last one tends to confuse students a lot.  Basically if your instructor were not affiliated with UGA, if they were a random scholar reading your work, what information would they need to go to their library and find the item you've cited.  Because of this you DON'T PUT UGA SPECIFIC URLS IN YOUR CITATIONS.  This means no links to GALILEO databases.

APA Style Blog

APA has redesigned their style blog to be more helpful in answering your questions about how to write and cite in APA 7th style.  The site gives you a basic formula for citing, and also includes EXTENSIVE examples:

The site also covers plagiarism and paraphrasing, and addresses the age old question:  "When do I cite?" 

Examples of APA Citations

For a longer list of APA reference examples, please visit the official APA Style page.